What is Shushan Purim? Where is it celebrated, other than in Shushan? And can I keep two days of Purim if I choose?
ovid was super excited. His brother Moishy was getting married in Eretz Yisrael and the entire Jacob family was flying in for the wedding. This was the first time Dovid was visiting Israel, and he was in high spirits. Sheva brachos were scheduled to end close to Purim, so the family decided to celebrate Purim in Eretz Yisrael.
“Where should we spend Purim?” Mrs. Jacob asked her children. “In Ashdod with our Jacob cousins, or in Yerushalayim with our Klein cousins?”
It was a tough question. The children rarely saw either set of cousins and they were each fun to be with.
“I wish we could do both!” ten-year-old Dovid said wistfully.
“You know what?” said Tatty. “That’s a great idea. We’ll do that!”
“But how can we be in two places at once?” Dovid wondered.
“Ah,” said Tatty with a smile. “We won’t be. One day we’ll be in Ashdod, and the next day we’ll travel to Yerushalayim. You see, in Yerushalayim they keep Purim a day later than everyone else. So we’ll get to celebrate twice!”
“You mean I’ll be a kallah for two whole days?” cried little Miri with sparkling eyes.
“And we’ll get double mishloach manos?” asked Shiffy.
“Twice Purim gelt?” Dovid clapped his hands.
“Drunk for two days in a row?” Moishy asked with a wink.
“Don’t you dare!” Mommy warned.
“But how come Yerushalayim has a different date for Purim?” Dovid wondered.
“It’s called Shushan Purim,” explained Tatty. “The Jews in the Persian Empire fought their enemies on the 13th of Adar, and on the 14th, they rested and celebrated. But in Shushan, the capital city, Yidden fought one more day and only rested on the 15th, so their celebrations took place a day later. Ever since then, Purim is held on the 14th of Adar all over the world, but in Yerushalayim, which is a walled city like Shushan was, Purim is observed a day later, on the 15th of Adar. “
“That’s interesting!” said Dovid.
“Yes, so we can keep both Purim d’Prazim and Purim d’Mukafim,” said Tatty.
He laughed at the stupefied expressions on the children’s faces and explained, “That’s the way the two Purims are often referred to in halachah. Purim d’Prazim (Purim of the spread out) refers to Purim in unwalled cities, such as Ashdod, and Purim d’Mukafim (Purim of the surrounded) refers to Purim in walled cities, such as Yerushalayim.”
“Yerushalayim and Ashdod, here we come!” Moishy announced dramatically.
The Jacob clan burst into cheers.
(Excerpted from Mishpacha Jr., Issue 676)
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