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Fantastic Forests

Shira Yehudit Djlilmand

You might be surprised to learn that about a third of the earth’s land area is covered by forests. That’s an awful lot — about 15 million square miles (40 million square kilometers), or an area roughly the size of a football field for every person on earth!

Wednesday, July 06, 2011

There are different types of forests, depending on where they are and what types of trees grow in them. In Western Europe, the eastern United States, and parts of Canada and Russia, there are temperate deciduous forests, made up of trees such as oaks, maples, and birches. These are the trees that look so beautiful in the fall, when their leaves change to gorgeous shades of orange and yellow. In colder areas, we can find temperate coniferous forests, such as the vast forests of pine, fir, and spruce in Scotland, Scandinavia, and the western US.

The most northerly forests are the boreal (taiga) forests, which spread across northern Canada, all the way to Russia. These forests take up more land than any other forests in the world, and are made up of sturdy trees which can survive the cold and snow. And finally, far from the cold and snow lie the tropical rainforests of the equator. These hot, moist forests, which in some parts form dense jungles, are great spots for scientists, as they’re home to half the plant and animal species on the entire globe!

 

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